15 Best Europe destinations in November of 2022

No one will be surprised to learn that Europe is getting fairly chilly in November, but there is still plenty to see and do. There is actually one place where you can still work on your tan, but most people will be better off focusing on the larger and most famous cities, and especially those in the southern countries.

Below you’ll find our 14 best picks for places to go in Europe in November. The crowds will be smaller than in summer and hotels are usually quite a bit cheaper, so you can actually see more of Europe on the same money if you come this time of year. If this is your first trip to Europe you may also be interested in our recommendations for best first-time Europe itineraries of your own.

COVID-19 situation

As of the July, 2021 edit of this article, the COVID-19 situation is pretty bad in most of the world even as North America and Europe improve. By November of 2021 it seems very likely that Europe will be more or less open to visitors, but of course things could change again so it’s worth being cautious and not booking too early.

Where to go during COVID19?

Those looking for a winter getaway from the United States or Canada will be happy to know that they’ve got many great options for sunshine trips during the pandemic, including many of the destinations on the list below.

Best places to go during COVID19 for Americans and Canadians (updated at least weekly)

This article was updated in July, 2021.

Important November 2021 Holidays

  • November 1 – All Saints’ Day (major public holiday in most European countries)
  • November 5 – Guy Fawkes Night in England (celebrations)
  • November 11 – Armistice Day in France (major public holiday)
  • November 14 – Sinterklaas arrives in Amsterdam (family celebrations)
  • November 17 – Velvet Revolution Anniversary in Czechia (major public holiday)

Below you’ll find

  1. Europe’s best November beach destination
  2. Europe’s 14 best November city destinations

Europe's only decent November beach destination

Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

  • November avg high: 75°F/24°C
  • November avg low: 65°F/18°C
  • November avg precip: 1.1″/2.8cm

By the time November rolls in, the entire European continent is too cold to sit on a beach and that will be the case until April. The good news is that the Canary Islands are technically part of Spain and there are cheap flights to Tenerife and the other islands all year round. November isn’t scorching, but it’s warm and sunny enough to work on your tan, and it’s quite cheap as well.

Tenerife is the largest of the Canary Islands and the best choice for English speakers as well. Head to the resort area in the southwest of Tenerife around the town of Los Cristianos for the most choices of hotels and apartment rentals. In November you’ll be surrounded by northern Europeans and the local workers.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €74 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €87 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €14 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Tenerife
>>>Tenerife prices and travel tips

14 Best non-beach destinations in Europe in November

Rome, Italy

  • November avg high: 63°F/17°C
  • November avg low: 47°F/8°C
  • November avg precip: 4.4″/11.0cm

November marks the start of the low season in Rome, but this is a city that is popular all year round so you certainly won’t feel alone. The days are chilly and you might get some rain, but Rome is still a great destination even in the colder months because there is so much to see and do, and much of it is indoors such as the enormous Vatican Museum.

If this is your first visit to Italy you’ll probably want to head north from Rome and visit Florence and Venice (both mentioned below). But if you have more time you might also consider Sorrento, which is a bit south of Naples. It’s a bit warmer in November and it’s the perfect base for day trips of Naples, Pompeii, the Amalfi Coast and the Isle of Capri.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €57 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €77 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €8 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Rome
>>>Rome prices and travel tips

Florence, Italy

  • November avg high: 59°F/15°C
  • November avg low: 42°F/6°C
  • November avg precip: 4.4″/11.0cm

Similar to Rome, Florence is such an amazing destination that it’s worth visiting any time of year. November is chilly and a bit wet, but even more than Rome and Venice, Florence is an indoor destination. This is one of the world’s great capitals for art and you’ll be indoors most of the day even if the weather is nice.

Florence is smaller than Rome so you can see the most famous sights in only 2 days or so, but you might still want to spend 3 or even 4 nights here because this is the ideal base for day trips to Pisa, Siena, and even the Cinque Terre. There are also several nearby hill towns that are worth a look to experience something uniquely Italian. As the capital and largest city in the famous Tuscany region, Florence is also a great food city. Avoid places with English menus out front for the best quality and value.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €92 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €114 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €20 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Florence
>>>Florence prices and travel tips

Venice, Italy

  • November avg high: 53°F/12°C
  • November avg low: 40°F/4°C
  • November avg precip: 3.4″/8.5cm

Again, if you are coming to Italy for the first time in November you are going to want to spend at least one day and night in Venice even if it’s a bit cool. There is no other city in the world like Venice and the smaller crowds in November will help you feel less like a herd animal.

The downside to visiting Venice in November is that it’s the peak month for the Acqua Alta, which is the high-tide flooding that the city experiences. It’s still possible to get around and enjoy a Venice visit in November, but it’s also wise to keep track of the Acqua Alta situation and work your schedule around it.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €76 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €83 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €21 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Venice
>>>Venice prices and travel tips

Paris, France

  • November avg high: 51°F/11°C
  • November avg low: 43°F/6°C
  • November avg precip: 2.2″/5.5cm

Similar to Rome and London, Paris is such an amazing city that you are going to want to visit no matter which month you are visiting. Fortunately, Paris still has reasonably mild temperatures in November and not much rainfall. There will be plenty of business travelers around, but tourist numbers are lower so it can be easier to get around and see the top sights.

As long as you dress properly you can still even enjoy the excellent hop-on, hop-off bus tour of Paris in November. It’s arguably the best city bus tour in Europe and it connects nearly all of the most famous buildings and attractions. It’s included in the Paris Pass, so you might also want to check our review of the Paris Pass.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €155 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €158 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €23 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Paris
>>>Paris prices and travel tips

London, England

  • November avg high: 51°F/11°C
  • November avg low: 41°F/5°C
  • November avg precip: 2.2″/5.5cm

The good news about London in November is that it tends not to rain very hard when it does rain, so you often don’t even need an umbrella. But of course it will be cool every day in November so you will need to bring some outerwear with you. As with a few others on this list, London is such an amazing city that you’ll want to visit no matter the month of your trip.

London is another example of a mostly indoor city so the weather doesn’t really slow most visitors down. The famous attractions such as the (free) museums and famous cathedrals are welcoming no matter the weather outside. You might even want to look at our London Pass review if you want to see the top attractions in 2 or 3 days.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €116 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €153 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €12 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for London
>>>London prices and travel tips

Barcelona, Spain

  • November avg high: 63°F/17°C
  • November avg low: 47°F/8°C
  • November avg precip: 2.3″/5.8cm

Being on the Mediterranean, Barcelona stays warmer than Madrid (see below) during the colder months. So November is still fairly nice and one of the better months to visit partly because the summer months have become so ridiculously crowded here. The main attraction here is the interesting architecture, and you can see all of the most famous buildings on top of the hop-on, hop-off bus tour, which is included with the Barcelona Pass.

If this is your first time to Spain you are going to want to spend 3 or 4 nights in Barcelona but also then take the high-speed train (in 2.5 hours) to Madrid for 3 or 4 nights there. The cities are very different from each other and both are wonderful for tourists with excellent food and nightlife on top of everything else.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €53 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €64 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €15 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Barcelona
>>>Barcelona prices and travel tips

Madrid, Spain

  • November avg high: 56°F/13°C
  • November avg low: 43°F/6°C
  • November avg precip: 2.2″/5.5cm

Madrid does get a bit cool in November, but as mentioned above in the Barcelona section you are going to want to come here anyway. Madrid is of course the capital of Spain so this is where you see the Royal Palace and many other official buildings of note, as well as the Prado Museum.

The high-speed train that connects Madrid and Barcelona is fairly cheap if you book it at least a couple weeks in advance. Spain has a few of its own low-cost airlines, so flights into Madrid are pretty cheap this time of year, although booking early helps here as well.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €45 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €82 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €14 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Madrid
>>>Madrid prices and travel tips

Lisbon, Portugal

  • November avg high: 64°F/18°C
  • November avg low: 53°F/12°C
  • November avg precip: 4.2″/10.5cm

If you have ever wondered which city on the European continent has the best year-round weather, you have found it in Lisbon. The breezes off the Atlantic keep this city cool in summer and mild in winter, although it does get a bit of rainfall this time of year.

This otherwise remote city is a real gem for those who go out of their way to get here. It’s a lovely city on 7 hills so views are fantastic in every direction. And the food and culture here are very interesting as well as quite different from Spain. You can take an overnight train from Madrid, but flying is probably the better option for most people.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €35 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €67 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €17 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Lisbon
>>>Lisbon prices and travel tips

Interlaken, Switzerland

  • November avg high: 46°F/8°C
  • November avg low: 33°F/1°C
  • November avg precip: 3.3″/8.3cm

The weather in Interlaken isn’t exactly great in November, but it’s still worth considering on your trip because this is THE place to see the most dramatic Alps views anywhere in Europe. So many people say they just want to visit “Switzerland” that I wrote an article about where to go in Switzerland on a short visit.

On the other hand, Interlaken in November is not ideal because many hotels and businesses close down between mid October when the hiking season ends and mid December when skiing season begins. There are still places open and plenty to see, but you have to plan a bit more. If you want to visit a second place in Switzerland to admire the unusual beauty, Lucerne is your best bet.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €95 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €132 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €18 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Interlaken
>>>Interlaken prices and travel tips

Berlin, Germany

  • November avg high: 45°F/7°C
  • November avg low: 36°F/2°C
  • November avg precip: 1.7″/4.3cm

Berlin has cold winters and in November the weather here is already started to become a bit annoying. Still, this is such an incredible city that it’s worth dressing a bit warmer if a November visit is your best or only choice. The famous nightlife and cultural sights are all going strong all year round, so there is plenty to see and do.

Another great thing about this city is that it’s cheaper than the other large cities in Germany including Munich and Hamburg. Better still, this city has become so popular and international that you can just speak in English to anyone you encounter and you’ll almost always get a polite answer back in English.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €67 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €78 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €13 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Berlin
>>>Berlin prices and travel tips

Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • November avg high: 48°F/9°C
  • November avg low: 39°F/4°C
  • November avg precip: 3.0″/7.5cm

Unfortunately, Amsterdam is another northern European city that typically only has one or two good months of weather each year. In other words, if you wait until it’s warm and sunny in Amsterdam, you’ll be here with a billion other people in mid July. With an excellent public transport system, it’s easy to get around Amsterdam by street car or even just walking.

The stunning architecture is one of the things that brings people to Amsterdam, and as long as you dress properly you’ll be able to soak that all in this month. Aside from that this is a cultural capital with excellent nightlife and a thriving arts scene. That goes all year round, as do the coffeeshops and small pubs all over town.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €85 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €91 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €16 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Amsterdam
>>>Amsterdam prices and travel tips

Prague, Czech Republic

  • November avg high: 44°F/7°C
  • November avg low: 36°F/2°C
  • November avg precip: 1.2″/3.0cm

Prague is a city that is so crowded in summer that many people actually prefer to come when it’s colder like in November, so they don’t have to battle crowds every minute of the day. As you can see, it’s chilly in Prague in November, but it rarely rains much as all so it’s just a matter of wearing another layer.

It will still be crowded in the main squares of Prague in November, but much less so than in warmer months so it’s more pleasant in general. If you want to spend a bit more time in Czechia, head to Cesky Krumlov, which is 3 hours away on a scenic bus ride or train. Cesky Krumlov is much more charming than Prague, and it’s cheaper than Prague by quite a bit as well.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €30 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €37 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €12 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Prague
>>>Prague prices and travel tips

Budapest, Hungary

  • November avg high: 47°F/8°C
  • November avg low: 36°F/2°C
  • November avg precip: 2.4″/6.0cm

This part of Europe gets quite cold in winter so Budapest in November is already on the chilly side. But it doesn’t rain much and this city has so much to see and do that it’s worth a visit even in the cool months, when crowds are much smaller as well.

Budapest has a lot in common with Prague, but the architecture here is on a grander scale for the most part and it feels very different. This city is also one of the cheaper capital cities in Europe, so your travel fund really goes a long way here. The famous nightlife in the ruin pubs should not be missed at any time of year.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €31 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €47 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €7 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Budapest
>>>Budapest prices and travel tips

Istanbul, Turkey

  • November avg high: 60°F/16°C
  • November avg low: 47°F/8°C
  • November avg precip: 3.3″/8.3cm

November still has reasonably warm days in Istanbul so this is worth considering on any trip of eastern Europe this time of year. Istanbul itself is one of the world’s most historic and interesting cities, and it’s quite a travel bargain these days as well because the currency rate has gone down against almost all countries in the last couple years.

Those that have more than a few days might also consider exploring more of Turkey. For one thing, every other city in the country is at least a bit cheaper than Istanbul. And most places have even warmer temperatures in November, so it’s an ideal time to explore Cappadocia or even the southern coast along Antalya. Tourism in Turkey is way down as of 2019 and it’s worth following the news just in case there might be areas better avoided.

  • Good 3-star hotels in November from €24 for two people
  • Good 4-star hotels in November from €28 for two people
  • Hostel dorm beds in November from €7 per person

>>>Check hotel deals for Istanbul
>>>Istanbul prices and travel tips

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All Comments

  1. Kriti says:

    Hi Roger,

    Do you have any places to suggest nearby Zurich/Feldkirch for 3 days in mid-November? I read that the weather isn’t great at this time of the year and was hoping for any suggestions on nearby cities with decent weather? I need to catch back my return flight from Zurich.

    Thank you so much! – Kriti

    1. Roger Wade says:


      The weather all over that part of Europe will be pretty similar in November. You might just bring some warm clothes and explore the most beautiful parts of the Alps, which are mostly in the Interlaken area. You can read all of the main highlights of Switzerland in this article.

      If you are looking for somewhere with warmer weather you can choose among some of the options in the article above. Rome or Barcelona could be good choices that time of year. Airfares in and out of Zurich are usually pretty reasonable if you book well in advance. Let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger

  2. Poornima says:


    I along with my family (includes my 2 year old son) will be in Germany in the first two weeks of November and I have about 3 days to make a trip in between my work. November being cooler, is there a better place outside Germany for us to visit 8-9 November 2019? Could you please suggest something which suits for all of us, especially my son! I had Austria – Innsbruck, Hallstatt on my mind, but want to know if its ok to visit during November? Can you please suggest something other than Austria as well.

    1. Roger Wade says:


      The article above actually consists of my recommendations for this. If you are looking for somewhere to go by train it would depend on which part of Germany you’d be in, of course. First off, Innsbruck is mainly a ski destination and I’d highly recommend Salzburg instead. The ski season doesn’t tend to get going until mid December anyway. Hallstatt is a lovely village, but in November it might be a bit chilly to really enjoy. One great thing about Salzburg is that it has a gorgeous historic center and a really lovely location surrounded by photogenic hills with lots of culture as well.

      If you are looking for a worthwhile place that has milder weather than the ones discussed you’ll really need to fly. It should be easy to find cheap flights that time of year, and with a 2-hour flight you could be almost anywhere in southern Europe. I’d think about Barcelona as a very pleasant place that will be warmer and really fun that time of year. You could even go to Rome. If you are looking for something different, please provide more details and I’ll try to help. -Roger

  3. Prateek says:

    Hi Roger,
    I am very pleased to find this page. I am going crazy organizing my trip. I have only been to Germany and Amsterdam before. I wanted to celebrate my first anniversary and my wife will be visiting for the first time.I have booked the flights as per 9 nights and 10 Days, arriving in Barcelona and departing from Milan.
    4 nights in Barcelona, 3 nights in Nice-Monaco and remaining in Milan where day trips to Lake Como and Florence was in my mind. I have not yet done any bookings. Would be really grateful ig you could give your expertise as i am beginning to wonder i may not be chosing the best places to visit.

    1. Roger Wade says:


      I think your plan sounds quite good. Four nights in Barcelona will be great, and you could probably enjoy it in 3 nights if you wanted to press on a bit sooner. Unfortunately, the trains along the southern coast of France are still pretty slow, so Barcelona to Nice takes 8 to 10 hours by train depending on the departure. In other words, flying probably makes more sense. Three nights in Nice should be perfect, and then the train to Milan takes about 5 hours, so I’d take the train rather than flying on that one. If you are planning on doing this in November (based on the article above), it’s worth noting that Lake Como will be in low season, but it’s still a fun day trip and most things will be open.

      Milan actually isn’t a great tourist city because it’s not as “Italian” as most of the others, but it’s a very useful hub and a great base for the day trips you have in mind. You could even do a day trip to Venice instead of Lake Como, as it’s only a bit over two hours away by train. Let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger

  4. Krita says:

    I m planning for 5 days trip to Europe in early November.. Most of the city will be cold… can you suggest some nice place to visit where it should not be cold and dicey weather.

    1. Roger Wade says:


      The list above is meant to answer that question and the average weather stats for each city are included. So Lisbon tends to have the nicest November weather in mainland Europe, and Spain is also quite mild. With 5 days I think spending 2 days in Madrid and 3 days in Barcelona is your best bet. There is a high-speed train between them in a few hours, while Lisbon requires a night train or a flight to reach from Madrid. Let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger

  5. Ranjeet says:

    Hi All,

    ? am planning to visit Italy (along with vatican if possible) and Spain in early Nov 2019. ? have an infanct of about 2 years and hence cannot venture out more. if someone can guide me which cities should ? visit and what should be the route then it would be great. ?n total ? am planning to have 14 days.

    1. Roger Wade says:


      With 14 days I’d recommend 5 total cities and fortunately there are 5 perfect choices for you. I’d spend 3 or 4 nights in Rome (with one full day in the Vatican) and 3 nights in Florence and 1 or 2 nights in Venice. Then you can fly into Barcelona for 3 nights and then take the high-speed train to Madrid for your remaining 3 nights. The trains in those countries on the high-speed lines are comfortable for families with infants, and there are usually changing tables in at least one bathroom on each carriage.

      You could do it in almost any order, but the key parts are to take trains between Rome, Florence, and Venice (90 to 120 minutes each ride) and a train between Barcelona and Madrid (about 2.5 hours). Barcelona and Madrid are both very large cities that are very different from each other, so it’s worth visiting both of them. In other words, you could start in Venice and then take trains to Florence and Rome and then fly to Madrid and then a train to Barcelona and fly home from there, or any other way as long as you are taking the internal train rides. The train across southern France is slow and expensive, so flying is the best option. Let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger

  6. Nick says:

    Thanks Roger!

    I’d still like to see Lake Como, so I’ll put it on my list of places to go. Given the weather in November, any thoughts on Cinque Terre and if it is still worth a visit?

    Lastly, just trying to figure out if I should start in Venice, make my way through Florence and other places on the way to Rome or do it the opposite. I’m most looking forward to Rome and seeing as much as I can there (budgeting 4 days, maybe 5) but not sure if it’s best to put at beginning or end of trip – I really want to enjoy it. Thanks for all your help Roger!


  7. Nick says:


    Thanks for all the threads, this has been very helpful. I’m planning to take a trip to Italy in November for about 2 weeks and want to start in Rome and make my way up to Venice. I wanted to know if there are any other places north that would be worthwhile and allow enough time (i.e. Vienna or Munich). I’ll likely be traveling solo and want to see as much as I can while being able to enjoy the sights. Appreciate any feedback you may have, thanks!


    1. Roger Wade says:


      As you’d imagine, Italy is packed with worthwhile places to visit. I discuss many of the more popular ones on this article on where to go in Italy. One thing to note though is that November is really dead in all of the beach areas and even in Lake Como, so those might not be ideal unless you really want to see what the places are like when it’s only you and the local residents.

      You might consider a stop in Sorrento, which is discussed in that article. The weather there is reasonably mild and there is still quite a bit to see in November while based there. Naples is worth a day trip at least, and Pompeii is also a must if you can make it. You can make it Sorrento in about 3 hours with 1.5 hours on a high-speed train south to Naples and then on the local train south from there.

      Milan isn’t a classic tourist city, but if you’ve got the time it could be interesting for 2 or 3 days. I don’t think I mention it in that article, but Bologna is known as the best food destination in Italy, which is saying something. I hope this helps and let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger

  8. Lloyd says:

    Hi Roger,

    Is there a particular reason why Athens doesn’t make the list for November? I’m a UK traveller planning ahead for next year, and Athens seems like one of the most historic affordable cities that I haven’t already visited.

    1. Roger Wade says:


      That’s an interesting question. I suppose I didn’t include Athens during the winter months because it’s kind of chilly (although certainly warmer than the UK) and the resort islands are pretty much shut down from November through early May, so combining Athens with another nearby stop is not as easy. That said, I’d certainly go to Athens in November given the chance. It should even be warm enough to visit some of the main sites in the Peloponnese region, which is obviously also loaded with important history. Now that you mention it, it’s probably worth listing Athens at least through November in spite of the other points. Thank you. -Roger

  9. Himanshu says:

    Hey Roger,
    I’ll be travelling to Europe from 28th Oct – 9th Nov
    28th Oct – 2nd Nov : Paris and Spain (Barcelona for beach) with Family
    2nd Nov – 9th Nov : Solo trip
    Can you pls help where all should I go. Amsterdam is already in the list. Rest I want to do some party. Also, the places are safe to travel.


    1. Roger Wade says:


      So you’ve got one week for a solo trip. I think Amsterdam is a perfect place to start and I’d stay there for 3 nights. If you’ve got 4 nights left it’s probably better to choose one or maybe two more places. Two more great party cities that are fairly close to Amsterdam are Berlin and Prague, and there is good train service between all of them. You might even just stay in Amsterdam for two nights because it’s fairly compact, and spend 3 nights in Berlin because it’s huge and quite spread out. Those places are all safe to travel as long as you take the usual precautions. Pick-pocketing is a major issue in almost all European cities, but it’s easy to avoid if you carry your wallet in a front pocket rather than in a back pocket or a backpack or handbag, and that sort of thing. Let me know if you’ve got any other questions. -Roger

  10. J Zafar says:

    We are a group of 3 people ( All men) and are looking to spend couple of days after our business meetings at frankfurt and will have a free weekend between 8-10 November 2019. Looking for advice that which city we should visit during these 2 nights and 3 days – we were looking for Amsterdam for an option but are open for all places within Schengen Countries

    1. Roger Wade says:

      J Zafar,

      If you are looking for a very interesting city that is also a great “party city” and is within a reasonable train ride from Frankfurt, I think Amsterdam is probably the best choice. It’s about 4.5 hours by train from Frankfurt and it’s very easy to explore without a lot of studying because most of the interesting neighborhoods are a short walk from the train station. That would have been my top suggestion even if you hadn’t mentioned it yourself.

      My second choice would be Berlin, which is only about 4 hours by train from Frankfurt. Berlin is super cool (and less touristy in a good way) than Amsterdam, but it’s sprawling and it’s harder to find the best things to do in a short time on your first visit. If you were looking for a place to explore for four days I’d suggest Berlin, but if you’ve only got 2 or 3 days I think Amsterdam is easier and better.

      My third choice would be Prague. It’s about 6 hours from Frankfurt by train and it’s not as easy to explore as Amsterdam is, but it’s more compact and easier compared to Berlin. Prague is also the cheapest of the three if that matters, although centrally located hotels in Prague will cost as much as similar hotels in Berlin (Amsterdam will be quite a bit more). I hope this helps. Let me know if you have any other questions. -Roger